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Lesson of Japanese No.12

vocabulaire-japonais




牛肉
好き
嫌い
じゃが芋
お茶
ワイン
勉強する

歌う
Niku
Gyuuniku
Suki (desu)
Kirai (desu)
Jagaimo
Ocha
Wain
Benkyou suru
Uta
Utau
Boku
Meat
Meat (beef)
To like
To dislike
Potatoe
Tea
Wine
To study
Song
To sing
I/me (for a man)


ecriture-japonais



texte-japonais



- 山田さんは何が食べたいですか。

- 今晩は肉を食べたいです。

- 牛肉が好きですか。

- はい、大好きです。

- じゃが芋も好きですか。

- いいえ、じゃが芋が嫌いです。
- Yamada san wa nani ga tabetai desu ka.

- Konban wa niku wo tabetai desu.

- Gyuuniku ga suki desu ka.

- Hai, daisuki desu.

- Jagaimo mo suki desu ka.

- Iie, jagaimo ga kirai desu.
- ''What do you want to eat, Mr Yamada?''

- ''Tonight, I want to eat meat.''

- ''Do you like beef?''

- ''Yes, I love it.''

- ''Do you also like potatoes?''

- ''No, I dislike potatoes.''


grammaire-japonais

''Suki desu'' and ''kirai desu'' (to like / to dislike)



私はお茶が好きです。 => watashi wa ocha ga suki desu. =>I like tea.

私はお茶が好きではありません。 => watashi wa ocha ga suki dewa arimasen. =>I don't like tea.

私はお茶が嫌いです。 => watashi wa ocha ga kirai desu. =>I dislike tea.

私はお茶が大好きです。 => watashi wa ocha ga daisuki desu. =>I love tea.

私はお茶が大嫌いです。 => watashi wa ocha ga daikirai desu. =>I hate tea.


With the verbs : infinitive + "no"




僕は日本語を勉強する好きです。 => boku wa nihongo wo benkyou suru no ga suki desu. =>I like to study Japanese.

僕は歌を歌う大嫌いです。 => boku wa uta wo utau no ga daikirai desu. =>I hate to sing songs.

Note: It is possible, in some cases, to replace the particle "ga" with "wa". So, we can say:

好きです。 =>I like meat.

or

好きです。 =>The meat, I like it.

In the second sentence, we insist on ''肉''.


The ''-tai'' form: to want to do

The ''-tai'' form is being created from the ''-masu'' form of a verb.

Tabemasu = tabe + masu =>We replace''-masu'' with ''-tai'' => Tabetai (to want to eat).

Nomimasu => nomitai ; ikimasu => ikitai; shimasu => shitai...




- テレビを見たい
- Terebi wo mitai.
- I want to watch television.


The negative form

The negative form is also being created from the ''-masu'' form of a verb.Here, we replace "-masu" with "-takunai".

Tabemasu => tabetakunai; nomimasu => nomitakunai ; ikimasu => ikitakunai; shimasu => shitakunai...




- テレビを見たくない
- Terebi wo mitakunai.
- I don't want to watch television.


The past form

At the past form, "-tai" becomes "-takatta".




- テレビを見たかった
- Terebi wo mitakatta.
- I wanted to watch television.


The past negative form

At the past negative form "-takunai" becomes "-takunakatta".




- テレビを見たくなかった
- Terebi wo mitakunakatta.
- I didn't want to watch television.

lecture-japonais

HiraganaKatakana

じゃ
o
ja

-
wa
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