bouton
Choose your language: francais | english
accueil
japanese sweets
Coming soon: Lessons of Chinese and Thai!
logo Ecole Tokyo
logo Aizuya Inn
logo TokyoStay



Lesson of Japanese No.17


vocabulaire-japonais



いろいろ
本当
本当に
生活
慣れる
教える
学校
会社
楽しい
Iroiro
Hontou
Hontouni
Seikatsu
Nareru
Oshieru
Gakkou
Kaisha
Tanoshii
Various
True/real
Truly/Really
Everyday life
To get used to
To teach
School
Company
Fun/enjoyable


ecriture-japonais



texte-japonais



- セバスティエンさん、日本の生活にもう慣れましたか。

- はい、慣れました。仕事も学校も楽しいですよ。

- いいな。友達もできましたか。

- できましたよ。会社で日本人の友達ができました、日本語の学校でもいろいろな国の友達もできました。

- ええ、本当に楽しそう。
- Sebasutien san, nihon no seikatsu ni mou naremashita ka.

- Hai, naremashita. Shigoto mo gakkou mo tanoshii desu yo.

- Ii na. Tomodachi mo dekimashita ka.

- Dekimashita yo. Kaisha de nihonjin no tomodachi ga dekimashita, nihongo no gakkou de mo iroiro na kuni no tomodachi mo dekimashita.

- Ee, hontouni tanoshisou.




- ''Sebastian, you already got used to the Japanese everyday life ?''

- ''Yes. At work as well as at school, it's fun.''

- ''It's nice. Were you also able to make friends?''

- ''Yes. At my company, I was able to make myself Japanese friends and at the school of Japanese, I was also able to make myself friends from various countries.''

- ''Eh, it looks really enjoyable.''


grammaire-japonais

The Japanese "yes"

It is rather rare to answer ''Yes" by only using "はい" or "うん". Generally, when we answer to a question, which only requires us to give a very short answer (''Yes.'' or ''No.''), we reuse the verb that was in the question. We can use this verb alone or preceded with "はい" or "うん".

Question: できますか。
Can you do it?

Answer: できます。
Yes. (Literally: I can.)

or

Answer: はい, できます。
Yes. (Literally: Yes, I can.)

By using the same way...

Answer: できません。
No. (Literally: I can not.)


The particle ''に'' (ni): to show where the indirect object complement is

Just like the way the particle ''を'' shows where a direct object complement is (see course No.3), the particle ''に''shows where an indirect object complement is.




- 本読む。
- Hon wo yomu.
- To read a book...

What do I read? A book.
"A book" is a direct object complement, so we have to use ''を''.

- 日本の生活慣れる。
- Nihon no seikatsu ni nareru.
- To get used to the everyday Japanese life...

I get used to what? To the Japanese everyday life.
Here, we have an indirect object complement, so we have to use ''に''.

- 友達英語教える。
- Tomodachi ni eigo wo oshieru.
- I teach English to a friend.

I teach what? ''English'', so we have to use ''を''.
I teach to whom? ''To a friend'', so we have to use ''に''.


The particle ''に'' (ni): to form the adverbs

The particle ''に'' is also used to create adverbs from ''na'' or ''no'' adjectives.




本当 = Real
本当 = Really

同じ = Same
同じ = The same as

- 本当です。
- It's true.

- 本当行きたい。
- I truly want to go there.


The particle ''で'' (de): where an action is taking place

The particle ''で'' indicates where an action is taking place. We can translate it into "at", "at the", "in", etc. By definition, this particle is being used with action verbs and not with non-action verbs.




- デパート食べました。
- I ate at the shopping mall.

but

- デパートいます。
- I am at the shopping mall.


The particle ''な'' (na): the reflection

We use ''な'' to express a reflection (a thought made to ourselves). Contrary to the particle ''ね'', ''な'' isn't directed towards the listener. We are not expecting to get an answer from him.




- いい
- It's so good!

- いい
- It's good, right?

- できるか
- I wonder if I would be able to do it.

lecture-japonais

Katakana


ティ
se
ba
ti