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Lesson of Japanese No.7

vocabulaire-japonais



かばん
大きい
小さい
たぶん
先生
聞きます

すみません
いくら

ちょっと
高い
安い
テレビ
Kaban
Ookii
Chiisai
Tabun
Sensei
Kikimasu
Kuruma
Sumimasen
Ikura
En
Chotto
Takai
Yasui
Terebi
Bag
Big
Small
Maybe
Teacher
Ask
Car
Excuse me
How much (price)
Yen (¥)
A bit
Expensive
Inexpensive,cheap
Television


Note: ''ôkii'' (大きい) is being spelled "ookii" (おおきい) and not "oukii" (おうきい).

Note: ''kikimasu'' (聞きます) means "listen" (lesson 3) as well as "ask".

ecriture-japonais



texte-japonais




山田さん:
これは山崎さんのかばんですか。

山崎さん:
いいえ、私のではありません。私のは大きいです、でもそれは小さいです。

山田さん:
じゃ、だれのかばんですか。

山崎さん:
たぶん坂本先生のです。一緒に聞きましょう。
Yamada san :
Kore wa Yamasaki san no kaban desu ka.

Yamasaki san :
Iie, watashi no dewa arimasen. Watashi no wa ookii desu, demo sore wa chiisai desu.

Yamada san :
Ja, dare no kaban desu ka.

Yamasaki san :
Tabun Sakamato sensei no desu. Issho ni kikimashou.
Ms Yamada:
''Is this your bag?''

Ms Yamasaki :
''No, it is not mine. Mine is big, that one is small.''

Ms Yamada:
''So, whose bag is it?''

Ms Yamasaki:
''Maybe it is the teacher Sakamoto's bag. Let's ask him together.''


grammaire-japonais

''これ'' (kore) this, ''それ'' (sore) that, ''あれ'' (are) that over there

They are objects demonstrative pronouns. ''これ'' refers to the object close from the speaker, ''それ'' refers to the object near from the listener or out of reach of the two people. ''あれ'' refers to an object that is rather far(over there).




- これは何ですか。
- Kore wa nan desu ka.
- What is this? (This, it is what?)

- あれは私車です。
- Are wa watashi no kuruma desu.
- Over there, it is my car.


''どれ'' (dore): which



- あの人かばんはどれですか。
- Ano hito no kaban wa dore desu ka.
- Which one is the bag of the person over there? (The bag of the person over there, it is which one?)

texte-japonais



客:
すみません、このテレビはいくらですか。

店員:
それは五万円です。

客:
ちょっと高いです、じゃ それは。

店員:
そのテレビは一万円です、でも新しいのではありません。
Kyaku:
Sumimasen, kono terebi wa ikura desu ka.

Ten'in :
Sore wa go man en desu.

Kyaku :
Chotto takai desu. Ja, sore wa?

Ten'in :
Sono terebi wa ichi man en desu, demo atarashii no dewa arimasen.
Customer :
''Excuse me, how much does this television cost?''

Salesman:
''That one is 50'000 yen.''

Customer:
''It is a bit expensive, and that one?''

Salesman:
''That television costs 10'000 yen, but it is not new.''


grammaire-japonais

''この'' (kono) this, ''その'' (sono) that, ''あの'' (ano) that...over there

These demonstrative adjectives are always being used in front of a noun. They are equivalent to ''これ''、''それ'' and ''あれ''.




- この車は安いです。
- Kono kuruma wa yasui desu.
- This car is inexpensive.

- 私もその読みました。
- Watashi mo sono hon wo yomimashita.
- I have also read that book.


''どの'' (dono): which

''どの''is equivalent to ''どれ'', but it is being used in front of a noun.




- どの本ですか
- Dono hon desu ka
- Which book is it?

lecture-japonais

HiraganaKatakana




ちょ
so
ba
bu
mi
cho



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te
re
bi
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