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Lesson of Japanese No.8

vocabulaire-japonais



新しい
すぐ
同じ
ほしい
どんな
速い
好き (な)
古い
遅い
嫌い (な)
カナダ
Atarashii
Sugu
Onaji
Hoshii
Donna
Hayai
Suki (na)
Furui
Osoi
Kirai (na)
Kanada
New
Soon
Same
Wanted/desired
What kind of
Fast
Liked
Old
Slow/late
Hated
Canada


ecriture-japonais



texte-japonais




林さん:
新しい車ですか。

本田さん:
いいえ、私のではありませんが、すぐに同じ車を買います。

林さん:
私も新しい車がほしいです。

本田さん:
どんな車がほしいですか。

林さん:
大きくて速い車がほしいです。速くない車が嫌いです。
Hayashi san:
Atarashii kuruma desu ka.

Honda san:
Iie, watashi no dewa arimasen ga, sugu ni onaji kuruma wo kaimasu.

Hayashi san:
Watashi mo atarashii kuruma ga hoshii desu.

Honda san:
Donna kuruma ga hoshii desu ka.

Hayashi san:
Ookikute hayai kuruma ga hoshii desu. Hayakunai kuruma ga kirai desu.
Mr Hayashi:
''It is a new car?''

Mr Honda:
''No, it is not mine, but soon, I will buy the same car.''

Mr Hayashi:
''Me too, I want a new car.''

Mr Honda:
''What kind of car do you want?''

Mr Hayashi:
''I want a big and fast car. I hate the cars that are not fast.''


grammaire-japonais

The particle ''が'' (ga): but



- 私ではありません、すぐ同じ車買います。
- Watashi no dewa arimasen ga, sugu ni onaji kuruma wo kaimasu.
- It is not mine, but soon, I will buy the same car.


We use ''が'' in the middle of the sentence, but never at the beginning of the sentence or after a comma (used to put together 2 clauses). The particle ''が'' is mainly used when writing or speaking in a formal context.



The particle ''が'' (ga): the topic marker

The particle ''が'' is also being used to show where the topic or the object of the sentence is. In most of the cases, this particle shows the object in the ''non-action'' sentences.




- 私は日本好きです。
- Watashi wa nihon ga suki desu.
- I like Japan.

- 私はこのほしいです。
- Watashi wa kono hon ga hoshii desu.
- I want to have this book.


The "i" adjectives

There are 2 types of adjective: the "i" adjectives and the ''na'' adjectives. See the list.

Note:The "i" adjectives are always ending with "i" (い), but all the adjectives ending with ''i'' are not necessarily ''i'' adjectives.

An ''i'' adjective is always right in front of its object. Example: ''小さい車'' (chiisai kuruma) = small car.

- The negative form : We replace the "い" (i) with "くない" (kunai). Example: ''ookii desu.'' (It's big.) becomes: ''ookikunai desu.'' (It is not big.)

- The past form : We replace the "い" (i) with "かった" (katta). Example: ''ookii desu.'' (It's big.) becomes : ''ookikatta desu.'' (It was big.)

- The negative past form : We replace the "い" (i) with "くなかった" (kunakatta). Example: ''ookii desu.'' (It's big.) becomes : ''ookikunakatta desu." (It was not big.)

- When two ''i'' adjectives are following each other, we replace the "い" of the first one with "くて" (kute).

chiisai (small) + furui (old) + kuruma (car) = chiisakute furui kuruma (small and old car).
The other way around : furui + chiisai = furukute chiisai.

Note: ''いい'' "ii" (good, nice) is a particular ''i'' adjective.The first "i" turns into "yo" when this adjective changes of form : ii - yokunai - yokatta - yokunakatta.

lecture-japonais

HiraganaKatakana






ke
ki
ra
te
ho
ji
ga



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ka
na
da
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