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Lesson of Japanese No.9

vocabulaire-japonais



女の人
女の子
男の人
男の子
有名 (な)
歌手
きれい (な)
とても
優しい
おいしい
ケーキ
かわいい
Onna no hito
Onna no ko
Otoko no hito
Otoko no ko
Yuumei (na)
Kashu
Kirei (na)
Totemo
Yasashii
Oishii
Kêki
Kawaii
Woman
Girl
Man
Boy
Famous
Singer
Pretty/beautiful/clean
Very/really
Gentle/kind
Delicious/tasty
Cake
Cute/pretty


ecriture-japonais



texte-japonais



山田さん:
あの女の人は有名ですね。

上村さん:
はい、有名な人です。日本の歌手です。

山田さん:
きれいな女の人ですね。

上村さん:
はい、とてもきれいです。また優しそうな人です。
Yamada san:
Ano onna no hito wa yuumei desu ne.

Uemura san:
Hai, yuumei na hito desu. Nihon no kashu desu.

Yamada san:
Kirei na onna no hito desu ne.

Uemura san:
Hai, totemo kirei desu. Mata yasashisou na hito desu.
Mr Yamada:
''That woman is famous, isn't she?''

Mr Uemura:
''Yes, she is a famous person. She is a Japanese singer.''

Mr Yamada:
''She is a pretty woman, isn't she?''

Mr Uemura:
''Yes, very pretty. She also looks like a kind person.''


grammaire-japonais

The particle ''ね'' (ne): the agreement

We use the particle ''ね'' at the end of the sentence to express an idea which we think is the same as the one of the person we are talking to.




- きれいです
- Kirei desu ne.
- It is pretty, isn't it?


The "na" adjectives

There are 2 types of adjective : the "i" adjectives and the "na" adjectives. See the list.

A "な" (na) adjective, contrary to an "i" adjective, isn't right in front of the object. The adjective and the object are being separetad by the particle "な" (na). Example : ''有名な人'' (yuumei na hito) or famous person (in English).

- The negative form : We use the negative form of ''desu''. Example: ''kirei na onna no hito desu.'' (She is a pretty woman.) becomes : ''kirei na onna no hito dewa arimasen.'' (She is not a pretty woman.)

- The past form : We use the past form of ''desu''. Example: ''kirei na onna no hito desu.'' (She is a pretty woman.) becomes: ''kirei na onna no hito deshita.'' (She was a pretty woman.)

- The past negative form : We use the past negative form of ''desu''. Example: ''kirei na onna no hito desu.'' (She is a pretty woman.) becomes : ''kirei na onna no hito dewa arimasen deshita.'' (She was not a pretty woman.)

- When 2 "na" adjectives are following each other, we replace the "な" of the first one with "で" (de).

Example: ''kirei'' (pretty) + ''yuumei'' (famous) = ''kirei de yuumei''.




- あの女の人きれい有名です。
- Ano onna no hito wa kirei de yuumei desu.
- That woman is pretty and famous.


Adjective + "そう" (sou)

We use an adjective with "-sou" to express an impression, meaning : "it looks (like)". In practice, we simply replace the final "i" with "sou".

''yasashii'' (kind) - ''yasashisou'' (to look kind)

''oishii'' (delicious) - ''oishisou'' (it looks delicious)

Note : ''kawaii'' (cute) - ''kawaisou'' (to look cute / to look pitiful)

lecture-japonais

HiraganaKatakana

ne
wa

ke
ki