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The particle "e" : へ

This particle is used to indicate the destination of a movement (whether a movement or a "movement" more "abstract" like sending a letter etc..).


Duncan wa rainen Nihon e ikimasu = Duncan will go to Japan next year.

Asoko e ikimashô ! = Let's go there (in this way)

Chichi e tegami o kaita = I wrote a letter to my father.

Note that the particle "ni" can also be used, but with a bit variation of meaning: indeed, "ni" is rather used to indicate the "end point" of a movement. Bien que cette distinction se soit quasiment perdue dans le japonais parlé moderne, the "end point" of a movement.Although this distinction is almost lost in the modern Japanese, it is fashionable to do if we want "good" talking.In short, "ni" is more "static"


We say rather:

Gakkô ni tsukimashita que Gakkô e tsukimashita = I arrived to school. Because it wants to focus on the place we are at the end of the trip rather than a simple way.
De même:
Kono basu wa Shibuya ni ikimasu ka ? = Does this bus go to Shibuya ?

However, they say more indiferently ni or e. As my first exemple ("Nihon e ikimasu")

Author: Duncan

Translator: Othman